The current study explores how an individual may be motivated to exert effort on the completion of an impossible task. Motivation can be defined as the process which initiates, guides, and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. Additionally, frustration is tension which occurs when our efforts to reach said goal are obstructed. Eighty six students at the Community College of Rhode Island – 43 male and 43 female – were assigned to three groups and asked to solve 22 anagram puzzles. The anagrams presented to the control group were possible to complete while worksheets administered to each of the two treatment groups contained insolvable false anagrams. Treatment group 1 was informed that only 10% of previous participants could complete all anagrams while treatment group 2 was informed that 90% could complete all anagrams. Participants in the control group and treatment group 2 reported higher levels of motivation than participants in treatment group 1. Further, females reported higher levels of motivation than males in all treatment groups. These results were then cross referenced with feelings of stress and frustration while completing the puzzles. Females reported a higher rate of frustration in all treatment groups and a higher rate of stress in treatment groups 1 and 2. Males reported higher levels of stress than females in the control group. These findings show higher levels of motivation are reported when there is an increase in perceived ability to complete a task.
Indoor air quality is an overlooked aspect of everyday life that can contribute significantly to human health issues such as allergies, asthma, and disease. Indoor air has a substantially higher concentration of airborne substances than the outdoors. Since humans spend most of their time indoors, these substances can cause adverse health effects. By monitoring air quality, there is a potential to reduce human ailments. This experiment tested and compared the air quality of various rooms at the CCRI Flanagan campus (filtered, regulated air) and an average household (unfiltered, unregulated air). The number of fungal colonies was used as a proxy for air quality. Fungi can take the form of microscopic airborne spores or grow on substances in the form of mold. If, depending on the fungal species, exposed over a period of time these may have the ability to cause illness.
In order to collect fungal spores, petri dishes containing Sabouraud dextrose agar, the preferred fungal media, were placed in eight rooms at CCRI and in nine household rooms for one hour with the lids off. The rooms were selected based on the fact they were used often and had a large amount of daily foot traffic. After one hour they were closed and kept at room temperature for four weeks so that colonies, if any, could grow. To compare the data collected from different rooms, the number of colonies in each dish was counted and recorded. Pictures were also taken.
In color theory class, we have been exploring the three attributes of color: value, hue, and saturation (intensity, purity). The professor introduced achromatic and chromatic value scales. In addition, we made a color wheel including primary, secondary, and tertiary colors. Our class created artwork exploring the color theory of Johannes Itten such as, light and dark contrast, warm and cool contrast, contrast of saturation and complementary colors.
With ceramics, the glaze is the most important part because that is the first thing people notice about the piece. After learning the color theory concepts, I experimented with the glazes. I used three different clay bodies, stone-ware, terracotta, and porcelain. Therefore, I could see how the clay affects certain glazes. After discovering how the glazes looked, I used my knowledge of color to determine which colors I was going to apply. Learning color theory, gave me many combinations to work with. For example, a value scale going across a pot, dark compared to light colors, and complementary colors.
This project is very important to my life because I plan on making ceramic wheel throwing a part of my career. By understanding color theory and knowing how glazes react with certain clay bodies, I will be able create brilliant pieces.